Carbohydrate-active enzymes

structure, function and applications by Agricultural Biotechnology Symposium on "Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes: Structure, Function, and Applications" (2008 Seoul National University)

Publisher: CRC Press, Publisher: Woodhead Pub. in Boca Raton, Cambridge, England

Written in English
Published: Pages: 299 Downloads: 668
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Subjects:

  • Enzymes,
  • Enzymology,
  • Congresses

Edition Notes

Statementedited by Kwan-Hwa Park
ContributionsPark, Kwan-Hwa, So ul Taehakkyo. Center for Agricultural Biomaterials
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQP601 .A37 2008
The Physical Object
Format[electronic resource] :
Paginationxi, 299 p. :
Number of Pages299
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25558160M
ISBN 101439801584
ISBN 109781439801581
OCLC/WorldCa742844026

CAZy is a database of Carbohydrate-Active enZYmes (CAZymes). The database contains a classification and associated information about enzymes involved in the synthesis, metabolism, and recognition of complex carbohydrates, i.e. disaccharides, oligosaccharides, polysaccharides, and ed in the database are families of glycoside hydrolases, glycosyltransferases, Research center: AFMB, French National Centre . Abstract: Carbohydrate-active enzymes often display a modular structure featuring a catalytic module attached to one or several ancillary non-catalytic modules (NeMs). In glycoside hydrolases the function of NCMs is often but not always substrate-binding. The various modules, catalytic or not, of carbohydrate-active enzymes can be identified and classified in various families by careful. tion, oligosaccharides and glycosides, utilization of hemicelluloses, and carbohydrate-active enzymes. The third section, which is dedicated to other potential industrial applications, such as bioelectrocatalysis for synthesizing chemicals, fuels and new drugs, explores novel nutrition-delivery systems, green chemistry, and the industrial. The Carbohydrate-Active Enzyme (CAZy) database provides a rich set of manually annotated enzymes that degrade, modify, or create glycosidic bonds. Despite rich and invaluable information stored in the database, software tools utilizing this information for annotation of newly sequenced genomes by CAZy families are limited.

  Carbohydrate-active enzymes (CAZymes) facilitate the formation and break down of complex carbohydrates and glycoconjugates. Studying them gives insight into .

Carbohydrate-active enzymes by Agricultural Biotechnology Symposium on "Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes: Structure, Function, and Applications" (2008 Seoul National University) Download PDF EPUB FB2

With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Carbohydrate-active enzymes: structure, function and applications is an essential reference for research scientists, post-graduate students and those in the food industry with an interest in enzymes.

With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Carbohydrate-active enzymes: structure, function and applications is an essential reference for research scientists, post-graduate students and those in the food industry with an interest in : Elsevier Science.

This comprehensive collection summarises some of the most important research in the field of carbohydrate-active enzymes, focusing on the enzymatic reaction mechanism, structure-function relationship and role in the living organism The book is based on papers presented in the Agricultural Biotechnology Symposium Carbohydrate-active enzymes.

Carbohydrate-active enzymes are responsible for both biosynthesis and breakdown of carbohydrates and glycoconjugates. They are involved in many metabolic Carbohydrate-active enzymes book, in the biosynthesis and degradation of various biomolecules such as bacterial exopolysaccharides, starch, cellulose and lignin, and in the glycosylation of proteins and lipids.

The database of carbohydrate-active enzymes (CAZymes), CAZy (), compiles the various families of glycoside hydrolases (GHs), polysaccharide lyases (PLs), glycosyltransferases, and several other categories of enzymes that act on carbohydrates (21).Cited by: Carbohydrate Active Enzymes.

Front Matter. Pages PDF. Amylolytic Enzymes: Types, Structures and Specificities About this book. Introduction. Man's use of enzymes dates back to the earliest times of civilization.

Important human activities such as the production of certain types of foods and beverages, and the tanning of hides and skins. Carbohydrate Active enZYmes The Carbohydrate-Active enZYme (CAZy) database is a knowledge-based resource that specialises in enzymes which are active on complex carbohydrates.

The Carbohydrate-Active Enzyme (CAZy) database is a knowledge-based resource specialized in the enzymes that build and breakdown complex carbohydrates and glycoconjugates.

As of Septemberthe database describes the present knowledge on glycoside hydrolase, 91 glycosyltransferase, 19 polysaccharide lyase, 15 carbohydrate esterase and 52 carbohydrate Cited by: Carbohydrate active enzymes turned out to be a predominant topic.

The rapid development in glycobiology and glycotechnology has resulted in an enormous increase in our knowledge on the structure conversion, and application of carbohydrates in industry and medicine.

According to the definition in the Carbohydrate-Active Enzyme database (CAZy), glycoside hydrolases (EC ) are enzymes that catalyse hydrolysis of the glycosidic linkage of glycosides, leading to the formation of a sugar hemiacetal or hemiketal and the corresponding free aglycon (Cantarel et al., ).

This book provides a thorough introduction into methods used for conformational analysis of carbohydrates. Key features: Describes bioinformatic approaches to handle carbohydrate-active enzymes and glycosylation.

Provides an overview on bioinformatics tools that facilitate analysis of carbohydrate structures. An analysis of the entries in the Carbohydrate-Active EnZYme database (CAZy; ) reveals that the number of genes encoding glycosyltransferases (GTs) and glycoside hydrolases (GHs) is far greater in plants than in any other organisms sequenced so far (Coutinho et al., b).Cited by: Carbohydrate-Active enZymes (CAZymes), these enzymes build and breakdown complex carbohydrates and glyco- conjugates for a large body of biological roles (collectively.

The book is based on papers presented in the Agricultural Biotechnology Symposium Carbohydrate-active enzymes: structure, function and applications held on September 26thth in Seoul National University, Korea. The Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes Database (CAZy, ), maintained by Université de Provence/ Université de la Méditerranée, Marseille, France contains information for over families of glycoside hydrolases (glyco­sidases), glycosyltransferases, poly­saccha­ride.

Analytical Enzymes Carbohydrate Active enZYmes Glycoside Hydrolases (GHs) Polysaccharide Lyases (PLs) Carbohydrate Esterases (CEs) Glycobiology Enzymes ANKOM Dietary Fiber Enzymes Other Enzyme Substrates Carbohydrates Chemicals/Equipment Antibodies Books Industries Served Focus Areas Technical Support New Products.

Explore our list of Biochemistry - Enzymes Books at Barnes & Noble®. Receive FREE shipping with your Barnes & Noble Membership. Due to COVID, orders may be delayed. The Carbohydrate-Active enZYme (CAZymes) classification system is a database that contains the knowledge of enzymes that are involved in the formation and.

Statistical thermodynamics and in vitro experimentation demonstrate that metabolic enzymes can be driven by an increase in the entropy of a reaction system, and point to a role for entropy gradients in the emergence of robust metabolic functions in vivo. By analyzing the equilibrium distributions of glycans in vitro, we demonstrate that several carbohydrate‐active enzymes are driven by an Cited by: Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes from Alkaliphiles (Received Septem ) Susumu Ito,l * Tohru Kobayashi,2 Katsuya Ozaki,2 Kazuaki Igarashi,2 Hiroshi Hagihara,2.

Abstract. CAZypedia was initiated in to create a comprehensive, living encyclopedia of the carbohydrate-active enzymes (CAZymes) and associated carbohydrate-binding modules involved in the synthesis, modification and degradation of complex dia is closely connected with the actively curated CAZy database, which provides a sequence-based foundation for the biochemical.

Carbohydrate bioengineering is a rapidly expanding field with many applications in medicine and industry. Presenting state-of-the-art research, Carbohydrate Bioengineering: Interdisciplinary Approaches brings together international experts on many different aspects of this burgeoning topic.

Coverage includes: the engineering of glycosidases for constructive purposes; structure-function studies. Over 1, genes encoding carbohydrate-active enzymes (CAZymes) in the Populus trichocarpa (Torr.

& Gray) genome were identified based on sequence homology, annotated, and grouped into families of glycosyltransferases, glycoside hydrolases, carbohydrate esterases, polysaccharide lyases, and expansins. Poplar (Populus spp.) had approximately times more.

The Carbohydrate-Active Enzyme (CAZy) database is a knowledge-based resource specialized in the enzymes that build and breakdown complex carbohydrates and glycoconjugates. As of Septemberthe database describes the present knowledge on glycoside hydrolase, 91 glycosyltransferase, 19 polysaccharide lyase, 15 carbohydrate esterase and Cited by: "This book is based on papers presented at the Agricultural Biotechnology Symposium on "Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes: Structure, Function, and Applications" held on Septemberat Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

the most important types of industrial enzymes based on consideration of their physicochemical and catalytic properties, three-dimensional structure, and the range of current and foreseeable applications.

The first section of this volume is dedicated to the carbohydrate active enzymes which are extensively used not only in manyFile Size: 9MB. Carbohydrate-active enzymes, such as glycoside hydrolases (GHs) and glycosyltransferases (GTs), constitute the main machinery for the degradation and synthesis of glycosidic bonds in nature.

They have a myriad of industrial and biotechnological applications, ranging from biofuel production to drug design. Enzymes for Modification of Chitin and Chitosan. Gustav Vaaje‐Kolstad. Faculty of Chemistry, Biotechnology, and Food Science, The Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Ås, Norway Book Editor(s): and different enzymes have evolved to synthesize, modify or degrade complex carbohydrate structures.

Carbohydrate‐active enzymes Cited by: 1. Search for: Carbohydrate-Active enZYmes. Home / Enzymes. Sharma V., Salwan R. () Extracellular Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes of Trichoderma and Their Role in the Bioconversion of Non-edible Biomass to Biofuel.

In: Yadav A., Singh S., Mishra S., Gupta A. (eds) Recent Advancement in White Biotechnology Through Fungi. Fungal : Vivek Sharma, Richa Salwan. Carbohydrate‐active enzymes (CAZymes) are enzymes involved in the synthesis, metabolism or transport of carbohydrates (Cantarel et al.

). They are divided into five functional classes: glycoside hydrolases (GHs), glycosyltransferases (GTs), polysaccharide lyases (PLs), carbohydrate esterases (CEs) and enzymes with auxiliary activities (AAs).Cited by: 6.About this title: Although advances in biochemistry and biotechnology have sparked significant advances in carbohydrate-active enzyme research, the mechanism of catalytic reaction of carbohydrate-active enzymes is still not fully understood.

Based on papers presented at the Agricultural Biotechnology Symposium held in Seoul, this comprehensive collection summarizes some of the most.Carbohydrate-active enzymes such as glycoside hydrolases (GHs) and glycosyltransferases (GTs) are of growing importance as drug targets.

The development of efficient competitive inhibitors and chaperones to treat diseases related to these enzymes requires a detailed knowledge of their mechanisms of action. In recent years, sophisticated first-principles modeling approaches have significantly Cited by: